Properties of Ternary and Quaternary Concrete Incorporating New Alternative Cementitious Material

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Title: Properties of Ternary and Quaternary Concrete Incorporating New Alternative Cementitious Material

Author(s): Said Laldji and Arezki Tagnit-Hamou

Publication: Materials Journal

Volume: 103

Issue: 2

Appears on pages(s): 83-89

Keywords: binder; cementitious material; pozzolanic

Date: 3/1/2006

Abstract:
It is well established that mineral admixtures have a beneficial influence on many properties of fresh and hardened concrete, either through purely physical effects associated with the presence of very fine particles or through physico-chemical effects associated with pozzolanic and cementitious reactions. This investigation was carried out to study the performances of ternary and quaternary cementitious systems incorporating glass frit. The results described in this paper show that the presence of glass frit enhances their rheological behavior, and subsequently improves their hardened properties as well as some durability aspects such as compressive strengths, permeability, resistance to freezing-and-thawing, and drying shrinkage. For a similar slump, the ternary and quaternary blends required nearly as much water reducer dosage as the control. Despite the lower early strength of concrete made from ternary and quaternary blends, strengths developed after 91 days of hydration varied from 1.05 to 1.25 times those of the control. Permeability was also reduced and varied from 35 to 17.7% of the control.