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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Durability Assessment of Combined Environmental Exposure and Bending
Author(s): C. Helbling and V.M. Karbhari
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1397-1418
Keywords: durability; e-glass; hygrothermal; sustained strain;vinylester; water
Abstract:Although fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites are increasingly beingused in civil infrastructure applications, there is still a lack of well documented data andunderstanding regarding their long-term performance especially under combinedexposure to environmental conditions and sustained load. This paper presents theresults of an investigation into synergistic effects of hygrothermal exposure andsustained strain on pultruded E-glass/vinylester composites. It is seen that effects ofincreasing strain levels can be significant and can lead to changes in damagemechanisms, especially in conjunction with moisture uptake. High strains incombination with moderate to elevated temperatures resulted in substantially morecatastrophic failure than elevated temperatures in combination with lower strains.These effects were noted in tension and short-beam-shear modes, and overalldeterioration was corroborated by moisture uptake, Dynamic Mechanical ThermalAnalysis (DMTA) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) investigations.
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