An Exploratory Study of FRP SeismicRestrainers Subjected to Dynamic Loads

ABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL CONCRETE ABSTRACTS PORTAL

  • The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.

International Concrete Abstracts Portal

  


Title: An Exploratory Study of FRP SeismicRestrainers Subjected to Dynamic Loads

Author(s): M. Saiidi, R. Johnson, and E. Maragakis

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 230

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 57-76

Keywords: dynamic tests; fiber-reinforced polymer; FRP/concretebond; FRP restrainers; restrainer design method; strain rate

Date: 10/1/2005

Abstract:
Glass, carbon, and hybrid (glass/carbon) fabric reinforced polymer (FRP)restrainers were developed and tested as an alternative to steel restrainers to reducebridge hinge movement during earthquakes. The FRP bridge restrainers weredynamically tested on a representative in-span hinge, in the large-scale structureslaboratory at the University of Nevada, Reno (UNR). Work included: (1) Strain rate testson both FRP strips and FRP/concrete bond; (2) FRP restrainer development and testing;(3) Comparisons between FRP, steel, and shape memory alloy (SMA) restrainers; (4)Development and evaluation of a simple restrainer design method. Findings confirm thepotential use of FRP restrainers as a viable option to steel as a restraining device forbridges. Results include: (1) FRP strength is strain-rate insensitive; (2) FRP/concretebond strength is a function of concrete shear strength and is strain-rate sensitive; (3)FRP restrainers are easily constructed and installed; (4) A proposed restrainer designmethod that considers the bridge structure dynamic characteristics is demonstrated tobe both simple and realistic.