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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Subgrade Modeling for Mat Foundations: A Review and Critique of Analytical Methods
Author(s): J. S. Horvath
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 117-160
Keywords: computer programs; foundations; mat foundations; models; soil mechanics; structural analysis; subgrades; superstructures; Structural Research
Abstract:Two mat foundations supporting buildings were analyzed using traditional methods for modeling soil subgrades, as well as more recently developed methods. The primary purpose of the analysis was to evaluate the relative and absolute accuracy of subgrade models that can be used in routine practice. The results indicate that some of the newer methods consistently provide significantly better agreement between calculated and observed behavior compared to the traditional methods. In addition, determination of the appropriate subgrade parameters is more rational with the newer methods. With current computer analysis capabilities, there is no reason to continue use of traditional methods that were reasonable alternatives when only manual calculations could be performed. Detailed recommendations for modeling subgrades in practice are presented, with consideration given to the capabilities of commercially available structural analysis computer software. Other factors that influence mat behavior, such as superstructure interaction effects, are also discussed.
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