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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Concrete Ships--Lessons Learned
Author(s): Theodore W. Bremner, Thomas A Holm, and Dudley R. Morgan
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 151-170
Keywords: carbonation; corrosion; durability; lightweight concretes; ships; shotcrete; underwater structures; Materials Research
Abstract:Concrete has been used for ship construction for over 100 years; many of these ships are in locations where they can be readily examined. The condition of some of these ships is discussed in this paper and the results of tests on the ships reported. Instances of improper design, detailing, and construction have been identified. Most of the ships inspected were built under wartime conditions, with limited time for design and construction. Nevertheless, they performed well and, although many are now used for purposes which the designers had not anticipated, they continue to serve a useful purpose. The results of inspection and testing of various ships are given, including compressive strength, depth of carbonation, and chloride content. Recommendations are made for improvements in design, detailing, and construction that, combined with enhanced concrete material properties, should assure that concrete ships built in the future will perform even better than those in the past.
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