In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Durability of Concrete in Iceland
Author(s): R. Kristjansson and H. Olafsson
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 381-392
Keywords: aggregates; alkali-aggregate reactions; cracking (fracturing); concrete; durability; environments; freeze-thaw durability; moisture; impregnating; maintenance; pozzolans; repairs; sands; silica fume; structures; General
Abstract:As the sole domestic building material in Iceland, concrete is widely used for house construction as well as for other construction, such as dams, bridges, and harbors. In Iceland, conditions are in many ways extreme: the climatic conditions are harsh, the cement is high in alkalies, aggregates are of varying quality (some being reactive), and codes and standards have been sparse. Field surveys have shown that alkali-aggregate reaction (AAR) damage occurs where no preventive measures were taken and other conditions were unfavorable. Preventive measures taken in dam and bridge construction have proven to be effective. No AAR damage has been found in constructions erected after 1979, when several preventive measures were taken. The most important one is 5 to 7+ percent replacement of cement with silica fume Stricter criteria have been enforced to secure freeze-thaw durability, and durability design is improving. Research in repair and maintenance methods has had considerable influence on the construction industry.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber