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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Long-Term Behavior of a Composite Prestressed Concrete Railway Bridge: Part I--Experiment
Author(s): Jenn-Chuan Chern and Young-Gee Wu
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1-18
Keywords: creep properties; humidity; prestressed concrete; shrinkage; railroad bridges; strains; structural analysis; General
Abstract:In modern computerized structural analysis, realistic material laws should be used. This research will present a constitutive law and a numerical procedure based on the finite element method for the analysis of a prestressed concrete structure including the time-dependent effects due to the load history, creep, shrinkage, aging of concrete, and relaxation of prestress. A 32.1 meter (105 ft) long U-shaped railway bridge, composed of two precast post-tensioned concrete girders and an in situ cast prestressed young concrete slab, was instrumented to observe its long-term structural behavior and used for the comparisons with numerical analysis. To evaluate and predict the structural behavior of this concrete structure, the related experiments were designed and performed both in the field and laboratory. Some material properties needed for the analysis were obtained through the extensive program carried out in the laboratory with controlled environments. This paper will describe the details of structure, test program, and experimental results.
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