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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Interaction of Superplasticizers with Clay-Bearing Aggregates
Author(s): A. A. Jeknavorian, L. Jardine, C. C. Ou, H. Koyata, and K. Folliard
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 143-160
Keywords: clay; high range water reducer; naphthalene sulfonate formaldehyde condensate (NSFC); polycarboxylates; smectite; sodium montmorillonite; superplasticizer
Abstract:With the increased use of polycarboxylated-based comb-type polymers as highrange water reducers, more frequent opportunities exist to uncover unexpected interactions with the various materials used in cementitious mixtures. In this paper, attention is drawn to the increased dose-slump response of polycarboxylate-based comb-type superplasticizers versus naphthalene sulfonate formaldehyde condensates (NSFC) when swellable clays are present in certain aggregate sources. In the expanded state, these clays have been found to adsorb polycarboxylate-based superplasticizers, rendering this class of dispersants less effective in providing slump increase or water reduction. This effect is apparently not observed with NSFC. Among the approaches identified to mitigate the adsorption effects of expandable clay materials, a class of sacrificial agents has been found effective in restoring the expected dose-response of polycarboxylate superplasticizers. A model for the interaction of polycarboxylate comb-type polymers with an expandable clay as well as the lab performance of a clay modifying agent will be discussed.
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