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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Shear Strength of Lightweight Concrete Bems wit Stirrups Near Code Minimum
Author(s): J. A. Ramirez
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 119-134
Keywords: beams (supports); crack control; ductility; high-strength concrete (HSC); lightweight-aggregate concrete; minimum shear reinforcement; shear strength; stirrups
Abstract:The new ACI 318-02 provision for minimum shear reinforcement, Equation (11-13), is based on tests of normal weight concrete beams. The evaluation of experimental data supported the code change making minimum shear reinforcement a function of the concrete cylinder strength. However, it also indicated that caution should be exercised when extrapolating current code minimums to beams with concrete cylinder strengths above 13 ksi (90 MPa). Because of the paucity of data on the shear strength of higher strength lightweight concrete beams with stirrups near code minimum values, the performance of this type of member is experimentally evaluated in this paper. The program consisted of four prestressed concrete beams, two specimens contained no stirrups, and two had stirrups near the code minimum. The specimens failed at shear capacities above calculated values. In the beams without stirrups, a 44% increase of the concrete cylinder strength resulted in a 28% increase of the measured shear strength. However, in the specimens with shear reinforcement (PC6S and PC10S), a 56% increase of the concrete cylinder strength only resulted in a 3% increase of the measured shear strength. The findings from the experimental program indicate that the current code minimum stirrups for lightweight concrete beams should he re-examined. The requirement results in a lower amount of minimum stirrups for higher strength lightweight concretes in comparison to the minimum amount required for an otherwise identical normal-weight concrete beam.
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