Seismic Jacketing of RC Columns for Enhanced Axial Load Carrying Performance

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Title: Seismic Jacketing of RC Columns for Enhanced Axial Load Carrying Performance

Author(s): K.-C. Tsai and M.-L. Lin

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 211

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 183-200

Keywords: CFRP jacketing; octagon shape; RC columns; steel jacketing

Date: 2/1/2003

Abstract:
Axial compression test results for square RC columns incorporation Taiwanese construction practice in the placement of stirrups and various kinds of jacketing schemes are presented. The jacketing schemes include circular, octagonal and square shapes. The jacketing materials vary from stell plate to carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) COMPOSITES. It is found from the monotonic axial load test results that the failure mode of the benchmark non-retrofitted specimen is identical to that observed in real damage cases subsequent to the 1999 Chi-Chi Taiwan earthquake. The benchmark specimen developed its design strength but a non-ductile failure mode occurred soon after the peak load was reached. Among the retrofitted specimens, the steel jacketed specimens exhibit not only greatly enhanced load carrying capacity but also excellent ductility performance. Test results show that CFRP sheets are effective in increasing the column axial strength, but the sheets could fracture suddenly in high strain conditions due to their brittle material characteristics. Test results indicate that CFRP sheet wrapping in general is not as effective as steel jacketing in improving the axial ductility capacity of RC columsn. However, the proposed octagon-shaped CFRP wrapping scheme exhibits an improved performance compared to rectangular-wrapped columns using the same layers of CFRP sheets. Tests confirm that all octagonal stell or CFRP jacketed specimens have axial load capacities more that 2 time the nominal capacity.