Full Scale Load Tests of Canada Place Pier, Vancouver


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Title: Full Scale Load Tests of Canada Place Pier, Vancouver

Author(s): O. S. Ooi, F. Bjork, G. J. Harrison, and N. A. Cumming

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 211


Appears on pages(s): 67-88

Keywords: cracks; cruise terminal; load tests; piles; repair; settlemetn; structural

Date: 2/1/2003

The pier supporting Canada Place Cruise Terminal in Vancouver, British Columbia was constructed in the 1920s. Repairs and upgrading of the reinforced concrete structure were completed in the early 1980s for the 1986 World Expo, to provide hotel and convention centre facilities and a terminal for cruise ships. Since 2000, the Port of Vancouver has undertaken major renovations and expansion to increase the capacity of the facility and meet demands of the expanding cruise ship market. The extension to the existing pier added a third berth and provided additional passenger handling facilities. The expansion required the aprons of the original deck to carry wheel and outrigger pad loads in excess of load ratings previously in use. In the absence of detailed drawings, design data and material specifications to allow assessmetn of the load carrying capacity of the original structure, full scale structural load tests were performed in accordance with Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-A23.3 procedures. All thirteen tests were successful, confirming adequacy of the structure to carry the new loads. This paper presents the structural parameters, methodology and results of the test load programme.