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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Effects of Fly Ash, blast Furnace Slag, and Silica Fume on Resistance of Mortar to Calcium Chloride Attack
Author(s): K. Torll, T. Sasatani, and M. Kawamura
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 931-950
Keywords: blast furnace slag; calcium chlorides; chlorides; compressive strength; deicers; deterioration; differential thermal analysis; fly ash; mortars (material); silica fume; X-ray diffraction; Materials Research
Abstract:Describes chemical attack caused by a high concentration CaCl 2 solution and its preventive measures by the addition of a mineral admixture. Changes which occur in mechanical strengths and chemical properties in mortars with and without fly ash, blast furnace slag, and silica fume when immersed in a 30 percent CaCl 2 solution at different temperatures were investigated. Portland cement mortars seriously deteriorated at early ages of exposure to a high concentration CaCl 2 solution, its deterioration being associated with cracking and spalling on the surfaces of specimens. On the other hand, 10 percent silica fume and 50 percent blast furnace slag mortars showed a good resistance to calcium chloride attack, although 30 percent fly ash mortars slightly deteriorated at late ages of exposure. X-ray diffraction and differential thermal analysis indicated that the deterioration of portland cement mortars cause by the chemical attack of a high concentration CaCl 2 solution was attributed primarily to both the dissolution of calcium hydroxide and the simultaneous formation of a complex salt in the mortar. Thus, the combined effect of a decrease in calcium hydroxide content and a reduced chloride ion permeability by the addition of a mineral admixture effectively improved the resistance of mortar to calcium chloride attack.
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