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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: The Influence of Silica Fume on the Heat of Hydration of Portland Cement
Author(s): M. I. Sanchez De Rojas and M. Frias
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 829-844
Keywords: cements; fly ash; heat of hydration; portland cement; silica fume; Materials Research
Abstract:Exothermal reactions take place during cement hydration and heat the cement mass. This temperature increase, from the initial moment of setting until the hardening of the cement, causes shrinkage which contributes to the cracks that can be seen in some constructions that are made of large masses of concrete or cement rich mixtures. The use of pozzolans reduces the heat given off by the cements during hydration. However, the reactions of the pozzolanic materials with the lime also produce heat; the decrease should not be proportional to the level of clinker substitution in the mixed cements. The first hours show that most of the additions, which present higher activity at early stages, increase the hydration heat of the mixed cements in relation to the control cement. The effect of different silica fumes on the hydration heat with respect to a control cement and other pozzolanic materials was studied and is presented in this paper.
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