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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Rubber Added Fly Ash for Underground Petroleum Tanks
Author(s): G. Baykal and K. Koprulu
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 549-560
Keywords: fly ash; permeability; rubber; seepage; subsurface structures; tanks (containers); wastes; Materials Research
Abstract:Due to increasing volumes of fly ash production each year, new utilization areas must be found. A new application had been developed at Bogazici University. Fly ash with various weight percentages of rubber tire chips were mixed and compacted at a water content wet side of optimum. Sealed single ring infiltrometer and falling head permeability tests were conducted on these specimens with water and gasoline as the permeants. Unconfined compression and split tensile strength tests were conducted to evaluate the mechanical behavior of the proposed liner material. When gasoline was permeated through rubber-fly ash specimens, a decrease was observed in the permeability as compared to that measured during water permeation. This decrease is due to the physical characteristic of rubber, expansion upon contact with gasoline. The expanded rubber holds some portion of the gasoline in itself, while sealing the voids and blocking the passageways for further leakage. For the above-mentioned technique, patent protection has been applied. This technique has a good application in the field because the liability for the underground petroleum storage tanks will decrease considerably when this technique is used.
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