Improving Watertightness of Reinforced Concrete Structures with Shrinkage-Reducing Admixtures


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Title: Improving Watertightness of Reinforced Concrete Structures with Shrinkage-Reducing Admixtures

Author(s): J .K .Buffenbarger, C. K. Nmai, and M. A. Miltenberger

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 204


Appears on pages(s): 217-236

Keywords: concrete; cracking; drying shrinkage; durability; polyoxyalkylene alkyl ether; shrinkage-reducing admixture

Date: 8/1/2001

Drying shrinkage cracking can adversely affect the aesthetics, durability, and serviceability of reinforced concrete structures, thereby negating some of the benefits provided by high-performance concretes. Developed years ago but relatively new to the construction industry, shrinkage-reducing admixtures (SRAs) have been shown to provide significant reductions in concrete drying shrinkage and subsequent cracking. The potential benefits that SRAs provide have resulted in increased use of these products in the past few years. In this paper, data from laboratory testing and field investigations of SRA-treated concrete mixtures and their use in a few projects where watertightness was desired are presented and discussed. The findings of visual inspections of the projects performed shortly after construction and after a year in service will also be presented. The information to be presented verify the drying shrinkage reduction characteristics of SRAs and show that these innovative admixtures can provide substantial benefits with regards to improving watertightness and overall serviceability of reinforced concrete structures.