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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: The Influence of High Early-Strength (HES) Mineralized Clinker on the Strength development of blended cements containing fly ash, slag, or ground limestone
Author(s): S. Kelham, J. S. Damtoft, and B. L. O. Talling
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 229-248
Keywords: blended cements; clinker; concretes; fly ash; limestone; slags; strength; water content; workability; Materials Research
Abstract:The strength development of blends of five cements with various levels of a fly ash, two blast furnace slags, a ground limestone, and a dried chalk dust was determined using EN 196 mortars and, for selected materials, concretes. Three of the cements were based on normal portland cement (OPC) clinkers and two on a high-early-strength (HES) mineralized clinker. At the same specific surface area and SO 3 content, the HES clinker gave cements with strengths 5 to 10 MPa higher than those based on equivalent normal clinker at all ages from one to 56 days. This allows the use of significant levels of fly ash, slag, or other less reactive materials in blends giving similar early strengths to normal portland cements. The early strengths of the blends with the ground limestone and the lower surface area HES cement were higher than expected. The finer chalk dust gave significant contributions to strengths with all the base cements, particularly at early ages. The effect was greater with the lower surface area cements and those based on HES clinker. It is concluded that the acceleration of hydration by the fine calcium carbonate is particularly strong with cements based on the mineralized clinker.
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