In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
ACI World Headquarters
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
ACI Middle East Regional Office
Second Floor, Office # 02.01/07
The Offices 02 Building, One Central
Dubai World Trade Center Complex
Phone: +971.4.516.3208 & 3209
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Elastic Lateral Instability of Columns Studied by the
Degree of Fixity Method (P-A Effect)
Author(s): Gabriel Garcia
Publication: Journal Proceedings
Appears on pages(s): 358-368
Keywords: columns (supports); continuity (structural); displacement; frames;lateral loads; stability.
Abstract:This paper is intended to show how the degree of fixity method employed by the author, permits the clear understanding of the P-A effect, and the determination of the P for columns and frames, without making reference to the difficult concepts of restrained sway or free sway. The method takes into account the real situation of restriction of the member in the structure, furnished by the members meeting at their ends, and it reveals some advantages over the ACI method.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber