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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Investigation of Concrete Spine Beam Bridge Decks
Author(s): M. A. Murtuza and R. J. Cope
Publication: Journal Proceedings
Appears on pages(s): 162-169
Keywords: bond (concrete to reinforcement); box beams; bridge decks; bridges(structures); cracking (fracturing); finite element method; models; reinforced concrete; reinforcing steels; stiffness; stresses; stress-strain relationships; structural
Abstract:Experimental and analytical investigation of two one-sixth scale single span reinforced concrete spine beam bridge models are presented. The models were of ordinary concrete and the design of one of the models was done using moment envelopes of linear elastic analyses and design of the second model was undertaken using engineering judgment backed by results of nonlinear analysis to take account of redistribution of elastic stresses. Each model was subjected to six load cases in the experiment in the serviceability limit state and a design ultimate loading before loading to failure. The analyses of the models were carried out by linear elastic and nonlinear finite element methods of analysis using rectangular shell elements. In the nonlinear finite eIement analysis a simplified material model was used to reduce computation time. It is observed that linear elastic analysis can be used to predict only the reactions of the models. The nonlinear finite element method can, however, also predict the deflections and strains reasonably. Although, if a linear elastic method is used for analysis, the actual deflections could be predicted by multiplying the linear elastic deflection by a factor of five.
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