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International Concrete Abstracts Portal

Showing 1-5 of 83 Abstracts search results

Document: 

SP341

Date: 

July 17, 2020

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

341

Abstract:

ACI Committees 441 – Reinforced Concrete Columns and 341A – Earthquake-Resistant Concrete Bridge Columns, Mohamed A. ElGawady Columns are crucial structural elements in buildings and bridges. This Special Publication of the American Concrete Institute Committees 441 (Reinforced Concrete Columns) and 341A (Earthquake-Resistant Concrete Bridge Columns) presents the state-of-the-art on the structural performance of innovative bridge columns. The performance of columns incorporating high-performance materials such as ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC), engineered cementitious composite (ECC), high-strength concrete, high-strength steel, and shape memory alloys is presented in this document. These materials are used in combination with conventional or advanced construction systems, such as using grouted rebar couplers, multi-hinge, and cross spirals. Such a combination improves the resiliency of reinforced concrete columns against natural and man-made disasters such as earthquakes and blast.


Document: 

SP-341-02

Date: 

June 30, 2020

Author(s):

Sarah De Carufel and Hassan Aoude

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

341

Abstract:

This paper presents the results from tests examining the blast performance of columns constructed with ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) and high-performance reinforcement (high-strength steel or stainless steel). As part of the study six columns with square cross-sections were tested under simulated blast loads using a shock-tube at the University of Ottawa. Parameters investigated include the effects of concrete type, longitudinal reinforcement type and longitudinal reinforcement ratio. The results demonstrate that the use of UHPC increases the blast performance of reinforced concrete columns by increasing blast capacity and improving control of maximum and residual mid-span displacements by an average of 30% and 40%. Substitution of normal-strength bars with high-strength or stainless steel bars in the UHPC columns resulted in further reductions in displacements, which ranged between 18-43% for maximum deformations and 38-66% for residual deformations. The failure mode of all columns with low steel ratio of 1.24% (4 – No.3 bars) was tension bar rupture, regardless of steel type. Increasing the steel ratio from 1.24% to 1.84% (6 –No.3 bars) increased blast capacity and delayed failure. The use of increased amount of stainless steel bars was particularly effective, and transformed the failure mode from bar rupture to fiber pullout. The analytical study confirms that dynamic inelastic SDOF analysis can be used to reasonably predict the blast response of UHPC columns reinforced with varying steel types.


Document: 

SP-341-04

Date: 

June 30, 2020

Author(s):

Mahmoud Aboukifa, Mohamed A. Moustafa and Ahmad Itani

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

341

Abstract:

Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) is a versatile building material as it is characterized by very high compressive strengths reaching 30 ksi [200 MPa], ductile tensile characteristics, and energy absorption. Currently, UHPC is commonly used in limited structural applications, such as joints and connections between precast structural elements. To extend the use of UHPC in full structural elements, a better understanding of the structural behavior and failure mechanism of such elements is needed. One potential application of UHPC for structural elements is columns, which is the focus of this study. This paper presents an experimental investigation of the behavior of UHPC column subjected to combined axial and lateral loading. A large-scale UHPC column is tested under axial and quasi-static cyclic lateral loading at the Earthquake Engineering Laboratory at the University of Nevada, Reno. To establish a comparison with conventional columns, a normal strength concrete (NSC) column with same dimensions and design as the tested UHPC column is analytically modeled and analyzed under similar loading protocol using OpenSEES. The experimental response of the UHPC column is evaluated and compared to the analytical response of the NSC column. Both global and local behavior are presented and discussed to include damage progression, failure type, peak moment strength, stiffness degradation, and displacement and curvature ductility.


Document: 

SP-341-03

Date: 

June 30, 2020

Author(s):

Hyun-Oh Shin, Hassan Aoude and Denis Mitchell

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

341

Abstract:

Ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) is an innovative material that exhibits high compressive and tensile strength as well as excellent durability. The provision of fibers in UHPC results in improved ductility and increased toughness when compared to conventional high-strength concrete. These properties make UHPC well-adapted for use in the columns of high-rise buildings and heavily-loaded bridges. This paper summarizes the results from a database of tests examining the effects of various design parameters on the axial load performance of UHPC columns. Experimental results illustrating the effects of concrete type (UHPC vs. high-strength and ultra-high-strength concrete), UHPC compressive strength and transverse reinforcement detailing are presented. The results show that the use of UHPC in columns resulted in increased load carrying capacity and post peak ductility when compared to conventional high-strength or ultra-high-strength concrete due to the ability of steel fibers to delay cover spalling. However, greater amounts of confinement reinforcement were required to achieve the same level of axial load performance as the UHPC compressive strength was increased from 150 to 180 MPa. The results also showed that the amount, spacing, and configuration of transverse reinforcement, as well as their interaction significantly affected the axial load response of UHPC columns. However, increasing the amount of transverse reinforcement had the most pronounced effect on post-peak behavior. The effect of the confinement provisions in current codes (CSA A23.3-14 and ACI-318-14) on the ductility of the UHPC columns was also investigated. Based on the results, an alternative confinement expression for achieving ductile behavior in UHPC columns was proposed.


Document: 

SP-335_04

Date: 

September 20, 2019

Author(s):

Douglas Hendrix, Nabil Bassim, and Kay Wille

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

335

Abstract:

There is significant potential for the use of nanoparticles in cementitious materials, especially in ultra-high performance concrete. These nanoparticles can further increase packing density, accelerate the pozzolanic reaction or can be used to induce new properties to the material, such as air purification or self-cleaning. Little is known about the interaction mechanisms between nanoparticles in cementitious materials, including their dispersion quality. The characterization of these nanoparticles can be challenging, especially when these nanoparticles interact with cementitious materials and their reaction products during hydration. Thorough characterization of the nanoparticle system is essential to understand how to optimize mixing constituents, procedures, and parameters.


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