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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Showing 1-5 of 61 Abstracts search results
September 1, 2021
Juliana Trindade, Sergio Luis Garcia, and Humberto Torres
This study investigated the friction shear behavior of concrete consisting of recycled aggregates and natural reinforced steel fibers. The concrete’s natural aggregates were 50% substituted for recycled ones. The addition of steel fibers was evaluated in two different percentages in volume: 0.5 and 1.0%. Thus, 27 non-cracked push-off specimens were produced. The recycled aggregates were separated into two groups according to the strength of the original concrete: Group 1 (15 to 20 MPa) and Group 2 (35 to 40 MPa). Data analysis showed that the concrete’s original strength and steel fiber percentage influenced the shear transfer capacity. Experimental data from natural concrete (NC) and high-strength concrete (HSC) with steel fibers tests performed using the push-off model and shear test methods were recompiled from the technical literature. Using models proposed by some researchers, it was concluded that both methods showed high dispersion in results.
Camila Simonetti, Bernardo Fonseca Tutikian, and Luiz Carlos Pinto da Silva Filho
The possibility of incorporating scrap tire residue into concrete has already been consolidated in previous studies, but there is a knowledge gap about how concrete made with recycled tire materials behaves when exposed to high temperatures. This study aims to investigate the performance of precast concrete panels made with scrap tire residues when exposed to fire when using recycled steel fiber and recycled rubber aggregates separately. The experimental design consisted of fire resistance tests. Real-scale panels were exposed to the standard fire curve based on ISO 834, measuring the temperatures on the panel surfaces. The recycled steel fiber-reinforced concrete and those containing 5% recycled rubber aggregate presented similar behavior when compared to the
conventional concrete on thermal insulation, integrity, and structural stability. The concrete made with 10% recycled rubber aggregate registered the occurrence of explosive spalling and worse
thermal insulation and integrity.
July 1, 2021
Adeyemi Adesina and Sreekanta Das
Engineered cementitious composites (ECC) are special fiber-reinforced cementitious composites with outstanding performance. However, the high cost and unavailability of the special sand (that is, microsilica sand [MSS]) used as the aggregate for such composites have limited its use and even made it impractical in some geographical locations. Therefore, there is a dire need to find alternative materials that can be used to replace MSS in ECC. This study was carried out to investigate the feasibility of using recycled concrete (RC) as an alternative aggregate, which is a much cheaper and more sustainable option as opposed to the conventional MSS currently used in ECC. Fly ash—the coal-based, thermal, plant-generated waste material—was incorporated as an alternative binder to partially replace the traditional binder, portland cement (PC), which is a large greenhouse emitter. Thus, the use of fly ash to replace a high volume of ECC would result in a reduction in the carbon footprint of ECC. The RC was used to replace the MSS in proportions ranging from 0 to 100% at an increment of 25%. The mechanical performance of the ECC mixtures was assessed in terms of the compressive, tensile, and flexural properties. The results obtained from this study showed that the use of RC as a partial replacement of MSS in ECC mixtures resulted in a satisfactory ECC mixture. However, at a replacement ratio of 75% and above, the performance of ECC may not be acceptable. The sustainability index assessment of the mixtures indicates that the use of RC as a replacement of up to 50% of MSS is optimum.
May 1, 2021
Ki Yong Ann
Disc. 117-M59/From the May 2020 ACI Materials Journal, p. 111 Corrosion Resistance on Recycled Aggregate Concrete Incorporating Slag. Paper by Anwar Al-Yaqout, Moetaz El-Hawary, Khallad Nouh, and Pattan Bazienth Khan
March 1, 2021
Noura Sinno, Matthew Piersanti, and Medhat H. Shehata
This paper presents tests that can be used collectively to provide a qualitative assessment of residual expansion in structures affected by alkali-silica reaction (ASR). The tests are applied to bridge barriers suffering different levels of ASR deterioration. These include testing extracted cores under different lab conditions, monitoring concrete elements under field condition, damage rating index (DRI) on cores, and measuring alkali levels in the affected concrete. Expansion of barriers with low deterioration level was double that of highly deteriorated barriers at 4.5 years. Similar results were reached through testing cores under laboratory conditions at 38°C (100°F) and 100% relative humidity, although the DRI showed the same increase in damage in both cores after testing. Testing cores under laboratory conditions until expansion ceases helps in predicting the minimum residual expansion. Soaking cores in alkaline solutions of different concentrations and finding the level required to trigger expansion helps in assessing the risk of future expansion.
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