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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Showing 1-5 of 20 Abstracts search results
December 11, 2019
Gang Xu, Luis Gerardo Navarro, Kafung Wong, and Xianming Shi
In this work, the freeze/thaw resistance and ambient-temperature salt resistance of fly ash geopolymer pervious concrete specimens were investigated separately, to isolate the physical and chemical phenomena underlying their deterioration during “salt scaling”. The laboratory investigation examined four groups of samples, with portland cement or activated fly ash as the sole binder, with or without graphene oxide (GO) modification, respectively. The incorporation of GO significantly improved the resistance of pervious concrete to freeze/ thaw cycles and ambient-temperature salt attack, regardless of the binder type. The specimens were then examined by using X-ray Diffraction (XRD) method, which revealed that the mineralogy and chemical composition of fly ash pastes differed significantly from those of cement pastes. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) was also employed to study the chemical structure and ordering of different hydrates. This work provides an enhanced understanding into the freeze/thaw and salt scaling resistance of fly ash pervious concrete and the role of GO.
September 30, 2019
A. Said and O. Quiroz
In the U.S. and around the world, large amounts of waste latex paint are generated annually, which creates a significant challenge in terms of disposal in an economic manner. Paint contains some chemicals that may be harmful to the environment if recycled as it contains volatile organic compounds. However, waste latex paint can be used to produce an economic latex-modified pervious concrete that is similar or superior to regular pervious concrete. Previous studies investigated recycling waste latex paint in concrete applications such as sidewalks. This study investigates the use of waste latex paint in producing pervious concrete and the effect of using different ratios of paint addition on the properties of the studied mixtures. The properties evaluated included physical, mechanical and hydraulic properties. Results show that while waste latex paint recycling in pervious concrete can slightly reduce its mechanical properties at 5% polymer to cement content, it can still be a viable option to prevent paint disposal in landfills.
September 14, 2012
John Roberts, Randy Butcher, Bruce Jones, Max Kalafat, and Ron Vaughn
First noticed by T. C. Powers, et al in 1948,  as beneficial for hydration by supplying water internally, specifiers and contractors in 2012 have grasped how the process of internal curing is implemented, how hydration behaves, and how improvements in mechanical properties, durability, and cost may be beneficial. To meet the time-dependent hydration needs of the concrete, having sufficient water internally available, when, as, and where needed, is vital for achieving optimum characteristic qualities. There is lower life cycle cost with internal curing (IC) and frequently lower first cost. In 2012, the number of projects using internal curing is increasing at an escalating rate, because the process is simple and economically implemented. Pavements, bridges, buildings, and pervious parking lots are being started now in this recession, because specifiers and contractors are saving dollars, as they build longer lasting structures while costs and interest rates are low. Developed initially to reduce autogenous shrinkage in low water-cement ratio and high performance concretes, internal curing has been found to reduce drying shrinkage. Other benefits found include reduced permeability, increased compressive and flexural strengths, less warping, stronger interfacial transition zones, greater durability, and lower carbonation.
December 29, 2011
Editor: Charles A. Weiss, Jr.
This CD-ROM contains seven papers that were presented at sessions sponsored by ACI Committee 522 at the ACI Fall 2009 Convention in New Orleans, LA. The aim of this SP is to present some of the latest research findings on pervious concrete and to provide state-of-the-art examples on the use of pervious concrete. The six papers in this SP present the latest research results from both experimental and numerical studies on various aspects of pervious concrete.
December 27, 2011
One of the key concerns with pervious concrete is the material’s surface durability, specifically resistance to raveling. As the market for pervious concrete grew, this was one of the hurdles to broader adoption of the technology. This paper documents the process of developing a test method to determine the potential raveling resistance of a pervious concrete mixture. The process included a study with lab cast cylinders to compare the raveling resistance potential of pervious concrete mixtures using different aggregates, varying cement contents, and basic chemical admixtures. A refined procedure of the test method was developed after an unsuccessful ASTM round robin evaluation. The results from this new method will provide the industry with beginning correlations between basic mix ingredients and the surface durability of a finished pervious concrete pavement.
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