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Showing 1-5 of 1838 Abstracts search results

Document: 

SP349

Date: 

April 28, 2021

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

349

Abstract:

Sponsors: American Concrete Institute, RILEM, Université de Sherbrooke, CRIB, Université Toulouse III, Lmdc Toulouse, Kruger Biomaterials, Euclid Chemical, Prodexim International inc., BASF Master Builders, ACAA Editor: Arezki Tagnit-Hamou In July 1983, the Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology (CANMET) of Natural Resources Canada, in association with the American Concrete Institute (ACI) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, sponsored a five-day international conference at Montebello, Quebec, Canada, on the use of fly ash, silica fume, slag and other mineral by-products in concrete. The conference brought together representatives from industry, academia, and government agencies to present the latest information on these materials and to explore new areas of needed research. Since then, eight other such conferences have taken place around the world (Madrid, Trondheim, Istanbul, Milwaukee, Bangkok, Madras, Las Vegas, and Warsaw). The 2007 Warsaw conference was the last in this series. In 2017, due to renewed interest in alternative and sustainable binders and supplementary cementitious materials, a new series was launched by Sherbrooke University (UdeS); ACI; and the International Union of Laboratories and Experts in Construction materials, Systems, and Structures (RILEM). They, in association with a number of other organizations in Canada, the United States, and the Caribbean, sponsored the 10th ACI/RILEM International Conference on Cementitious Materials and Alternative Binders for Sustainable Concrete (ICCM2017). The conference was held in Montréal, QB, Canada, from October 2 to 4, 2017. The conference proceedings, containing 50 refereed papers from more than 33 countries, were published as ACI SP-320. In 2021, UdeS, ACI, and RILEM, in association with Université de Toulouse and a number of other organizations in Canada, the United States, and Europe, sponsored the 11th ACI/RILEM International Conference on Cementitious Materials and Alternative Binders for Sustainable Concrete (ICCM2021). The conference was held online from June 7 to 10, 2021. The conference proceedings, containing 53 peer reviewed papers from more than 14 countries, were published as ACI SP-349. The purpose of this international conference was to present the latest scientific and technical information in the field of supplementary cementitious materials and novel binders for use in concrete. The new aspect of this conference was to highlight advances in the field of alternative and sustainable binders and supplementary cementitious materials, which are receiving increasing attention from the research community. To all those whose submissions could not be included in the conference proceedings, the Institute and the Conference Organizing Committee extend their appreciation for their interest and hard work. Thanks are extended to the members of the international scientific committee to review the papers. Without their dedicated effort, the proceedings could not have been published for distribution at the conference. The cooperation of the authors in accepting reviewers’ suggestions and revising their manuscripts accordingly is greatly appreciated. The assistance of Chantal Brien at the Université de Sherbrooke is gratefully acknowledged for the administrative work associated with the conference and for processing the manuscripts, both for the ACI proceedings and the supplementary volume. Arezki Tagnit Hamou, Editor Chairman, eleventh ACI/RILEM International Conference on Cementitious Materials and Alternative Binders for Sustainable Concrete (ICCM2021). Sherbrooke, Canada 2021


Document: 

SP-349_02

Date: 

April 22, 2021

Author(s):

Alexander German, Frank Winnefeld, Pietro Lura

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

349

Abstract:

MgO/hydromagnesite (Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2·4H2O, abbreviated as HY) blends are cementitious materials, which set and harden when mixed with water. These blends reach acceptable strengths and therefore can potentially be used as binders in mortars and concrete. In case MgO is derived from carbonation of magnesium silicates and subsequent calcination, MgO/HY blends offer the possibility to be used as alternative binders with reduced carbon footprint compared to normal portland cement-based products.

This study focuses on the characterization of hydration products and mechanical properties of MgO/HY blends. Hydration of solely MgO leads to formation of brucite (Mg(OH)2) without any strength-building properties. In contrast, by blending MgO with hydromagnesite, it is possible to produce mortar samples with a strength of up to 11.0 ± 0.4 MPa (1595 ± 58 psi) after 28 d. Moreover, blending with hydromagnesite accelerates early hydration of MgO. XRD and TGA studies of hydrated blends revealed the presence of brucite and of a poorly crystalline, unidentified hydrate phase. The latter might play an important role in strength development.


Document: 

SP-349_01

Date: 

April 22, 2021

Author(s):

Carol Namnoum, Benoît Hilloulin,Maxime Robira, Frédéric Grondin, Ahmed Loukili

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

349

Abstract:

The production of cement by calcination of limestone releases large amounts of carbon dioxide. Development of concrete quality lead to optimize the sustainability and maintenance phases of concrete structures, so, using supplementary cementitious materials (SCM) is one of the methods adapted to reduce the environmental impact of cement production. In addition, self-healing of concrete appears as a process to considerably improve the durability of a damaged structure [1]. As revealed by most analyses, mineral additions can be used to improve the autogenous healing ability of cementitious materials [2].

In this study, the influence of using a combination of SCMs, such as ground granulated blast furnace slag and metakaolin, on the mechanism of autogenous crack healing was assessed in ternary formula. Self-healing evolution was characterised by means of mechanical tests carried out on notched mortar samples with different substitution ratios. The mechanical recovery was investigated after the healing period. Moreover, the micro-chemical structure of the healing products was determined using various techniques (TGA, SEM/EDS and XRD). The primary results showed that using metakaolin and ground granulated blast furnace slag together greatly improve the healing efficiency.


Document: 

SP-349_24

Date: 

April 22, 2021

Author(s):

Marta Roig-Flores, Eduardo J. Mezquida-Alcaraz, Ariel A. Bretón-Rodríguez, Juan Navarro-Gregori and Pedro Serna

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

349

Abstract:

Ultra-High-Performance Fiber-Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC) is a type of concrete with superior mechanical and durability properties, which might be improved even further with the addition of nano-materials. This work studies the influence of adding nano-additions to two UHPFRCs with compressive strength around 150MPa (21755 psi), with and without crystalline admixtures. Two nano-materials were considered: cellulose nano-crystals (4-5 nm diameter, 50–500 nm length, 0.157-0.197 μin diameter, 1.97-19.7 μin length); in a dosage up to 0.15% by the cement weight; and aluminum oxide nanofibers (diameter 4-11nm, length 100-900nm, 0.157-0.433 μin diameter, 3.94-35.4 μin length) in a dosage of 0.25% by the cement weight. Water content of the mixes with nanomaterials was modified to maintain workability in a similar range aiming to maintain the self-compacting behavior. The following properties were analyzed: workability, compressive strength, modulus of elasticity and tensile properties calculated through a simplified inverse analysis after performing four-point bending tests. The study considered the effect of using three levels of mixing energy to ensure a proper dispersion of all the components, and its effect in the aforementioned properties. The results show a potential effect of these nanomaterials as nanoreinforcement, with slightly better ultimate strength and strain values for the higher energy level.


Document: 

SP-349_13

Date: 

April 22, 2021

Author(s):

Gonzalo A. Lozano Rengifo, Mayra T. de Grazia, Leandro F. M. Sanchez, and Edward G. Sherwood

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

349

Abstract:

Reducing Normal Portland Cement (NPC) has been a major concern of concrete industry and research community over the last 2-3 decades. As much as 8% of the global CO2 emissions stem from clinker production. Hence, a wide number of research projects have been focusing on reducing NPC in cementitious materials using numerous strategies such as the use of supplementary cementing materials (SMC’s), limestone fillers (LF) and/or advanced mixproportioning techniques. Yet, the impact of these procedures on the overall behaviour of materials with low NPC content, especially in the fresh state and long-term durability, is still not fully understood. This work aims to understand the influence of the distance between the fine particles, the so-called Inter-Particle Separation (IPS), on the fresh state behaviour of cement-base pastes designed through the use of Particle Packing Models and incorporating LF. Evaluations on the fresh (i.e. rheological behaviour and setting time) and hardened states (compressive strength) were conducted in all mixtures. Results show that IPS directly correlates with the viscosity of cementbase pastes for all shear rates appraised. Moreover, the use of LF increases the hydration rate of NPC pastes. Finally, it is clear that the water-to-cement ratio keeps being the main factor controlling the compressive strength of cement pastes with reduced NPC content and high levels of LF replacement.


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