ABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL CONCRETE ABSTRACTS PORTAL

  • The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.

International Concrete Abstracts Portal

Showing 1-5 of 140 Abstracts search results

Document: 

SP341

Date: 

July 17, 2020

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

341

Abstract:

ACI Committees 441 – Reinforced Concrete Columns and 341A – Earthquake-Resistant Concrete Bridge Columns, Mohamed A. ElGawady Columns are crucial structural elements in buildings and bridges. This Special Publication of the American Concrete Institute Committees 441 (Reinforced Concrete Columns) and 341A (Earthquake-Resistant Concrete Bridge Columns) presents the state-of-the-art on the structural performance of innovative bridge columns. The performance of columns incorporating high-performance materials such as ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC), engineered cementitious composite (ECC), high-strength concrete, high-strength steel, and shape memory alloys is presented in this document. These materials are used in combination with conventional or advanced construction systems, such as using grouted rebar couplers, multi-hinge, and cross spirals. Such a combination improves the resiliency of reinforced concrete columns against natural and man-made disasters such as earthquakes and blast.


Document: 

SP-341-09

Date: 

June 30, 2020

Author(s):

Arya Ebrahimpour and Barbara Earles

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

341

Abstract:

Accelerated Bridge Construction (ABC) technologies are being adopted by state transportation departments. One particular ABC technology is the use of precast concrete members joined with mechanical connectors. However, there are concerns about these connections in moderate-to-high seismic regions. A study was carried out for the Idaho Transportation Department (ITD) on the seismic performance of precast columns with grouted couplers versus the conventional cast-in-place columns. Experimental data provided the necessary input to model the grouted couplers. Using the OpenSees finite element analysis program, selected bridges were subjected to the seismic conditions of the most seismically active location in Idaho. Under seismic conditions considered, the stresses in both the longitudinal reinforcing bars and the grouted coupler regions are found to be well within acceptable ranges. The study resulted in recommendations on allowable column drifts, a list of approved grouted rebar couplers, and typical detail drawings for inclusion in the ITD’s Bridge Manual.


Document: 

SP-337_02

Date: 

January 23, 2020

Author(s):

Widianto; Jameel Khalifa; Kåre O. Hæreid; Kjell Tore Fosså; Anton Gjørven

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

337

Abstract:

The Hebron platform is the latest major offshore integrated oil drilling and production platform supported by a concrete gravity-based-structure (GBS). It was successfully installed in the Grand Banks (offshore Newfoundland) in June 2017. The design of the platform was challenged by arctic-like and extreme metocean conditions. This paper presents development of extreme loads on the GBS such as 10,000-year iceberg impact and wave loads. It also describes novel design and construction techniques used, which resulted in a capitalefficient platform.

From an analysis and design perspective, in addition to linear-elastic finite element analysis typically used in design of offshore concrete GBS, the innovative use of non-linear finite element analysis (NLFEA) technique to calculate internal forces is presented. Such analyses more accurately capture the structural behavior and result in more realistic internal forces. In addition, a new crack-width calculation method accounting for the effect of a significant number of layers of transverse reinforcement was implemented. Also, a novel method to assess the complex interactions between solid ballast, embedded pipes, and concrete structures was applied.

From a construction perspective, the use of slipforming panels that are taller than those used in past GBSs and a system to allow slipforming of the shaft wall with a complex geometry and curvature, that is much larger than that employed in the past GBS, are presented. A novel method to minimize the risk of concrete adhering to slipforming panels by cooling the panels with cold water is presented. An innovative method to ensure that highstrength grout completely filled the space underneath one of the largest Topsides footings is discussed. Full-scale constructability tests of various complex GBS components, which provided invaluable information for design, increased execution certainty, and improved construction safety, is presented.


Document: 

SP327-12

Date: 

November 1, 2018

Author(s):

Nancy Torres, Gustavo Tumialan, and Camilo Vega

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

327

Abstract:

In order to ensure a continuous and reliable path for the lateral loads caused by earthquake or wind forces, FRP-strengthened masonry walls that are part of the lateral load resisting system of a building require the joint work of the FRP strengthening to resist tensile stresses in the masonry and anchorage to the boundary structural elements (foundations or beams) to transfer the loads. This article presents the results of an investigation on the assessment of anchorage methods and FRP strengthening configurations for unreinforced masonry (URM) walls subjected to in-plane loads. Fourteen masonry walls were constructed for this experimental program. All of the walls were built with hollow clay bricks, typical of URM structures in Colombia and other parts of the world. The specimens for this investigation included slender and squat walls. The dimensions of the slender walls were 1.20 m. [4 ft] long, 1.90 m. [6.2 ft.] high, and 120 mm [4.8 in.] thick. The dimensions of the squat walls: 2.50 m. [8.2 ft.] long, 1.90 m. [6.2 ft.] high, and 120 mm [4.8 in.] thick. The walls were strengthened using two configurations: (1) Layout ‘H’ involving horizontal CFRP laminates along on wall side, and vertical CFRP laminates at each wall toe on one side of the wall, and (20 Layout ‘X’ involving diagonal CFRP laminates oriented at approximately 45 degrees on one side of the wall. Four anchor systems were evaluated: (1) System 1 (CFRP anchors embedded in the base beam), (2) System 2 (CFRP bonded to the base beam), (3) System 3 (FRP bonded to grout blocks), and (4) System 4 (FRP wrapped around grout blocks). The walls were tested in two series: (1) Series 1 – Monotonic Loading, and (2) Series 2 – Cyclic Loading. The test results demonstrated that Anchor System 4 was the most effective anchorage system. The walls strengthened with Anchor System 4 failed due to rupture of the CFRP laminates wrapped around the grout block. In general, the largest increases in in-plane capacity, when compared to the control walls, were observed in the slender walls. The walls with the ‘H’ Layout showed more ductility and less degradation of the lateral stiffness than the walls strengthened with the ‘X’ Layout.


Document: 

SP-329-29

Date: 

September 26, 2018

Author(s):

Jinming Wang, Kaiyu Wang, Yongwei Wang, Yongsheng Liu, and Jie Zhang

Publication:

Symposium Papers

Volume:

329

Abstract:

Ordinary cementitious grout for sleeve coupler of reinforcement splicing cannot be applied normally when the temperature is below 5oC. In this paper, a new type of sleeve cementitious grout with sulphoaluminate cement as the main binding material used in the negative temperature is developed. Besides, the effects of polycarboxylate water-reducing agents, thixotropic agents, superfine beads, plastic expansion agents and antifreeze components on the performance of grouting materials are also studied. The results show that the sleeve cementitious grout studied has good rheological properties and strong ability to resist frost. The compressive strength can still develop even in the environment of -10 oC, and there is no special construction technology required. This reduces significantly the difficulty of the construction of prefabricated building connection in low temperature environment.


12345...>>

Results Per Page 




Please enter this 5 digit unlock code on the web page.