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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Showing 1-5 of 46 Abstracts search results
November 1, 2020
November 1, 2019
A. Shakir, M. Haziman Wan Ibrahim, N. Othman, A. Ahmed, and S. Shahidan
Palm oil fuel ash (POFA) is a by-product procured from the palm oil mill through the incineration of empty fruit bunches, mesocarp fibers, and shells so as to produce electricity. POFA was considerably used as a cementitous supplement in various types of concrete, bricks, blocks, mortar, and grout due to its pozzolanic content. However, using raw POFA as cementitious replacement caused a distinct deterioration on the properties of the hardened mixture. Therefore, various treatment methodologies were adopted to enhance the properties of POFA to improve the mechanical properties of the hardened mixture. This study reviews the treatment approaches performed on POFA and their effects on the physical, chemical, and microstructural properties of POFA. It was documented that grinding POFA increased its fineness and decreased the voids and porosity of the mixture. However, the optimum use of grounded POFA was ranged 5 to 25% by weight of cement. On the other hand, thermal treatment of POFA exhibited a substantial improvement on the physical, chemical, and morphological properties of POFA; consequently, the hardened properties were dramatically developed. Thermal-treated POFA could be used as binder supplement up to 70% by weight of cement, whereby environmental pollution was dropped and sustainability was achieved. It was concluded that the higher fineness of POFA contributed to a significant pozzolanic reaction and thus promoted better performance in the hardened matrix. However, future detections should address the leaching behavior of POFA and the leaching performance of the hardened mixture incorporating POFA. Besides, the durability of specimens containing POFA as binder supplement should be well covered in the prospectus research.
March 1, 2018
George J. Zimmer, Robert Flynn, Eric Musselman, and Jeremy Young
Roller-compacted concrete (RCC) is often used to construct hydraulic structures, and in gravity dam applications, a facing system is required to control seepage along lift lines. One facing system that is gaining popularity is grout-enriched RCC (GERCC). This innovative process requires the addition of a neat cement grout to the uncompacted RCC along the face, followed by internal vibration to combine the material. One limitation of GERCC is previous research has shown difficulty in entraining air in this system. This study optimized the grout formulation to develop a stable air void system, and then evaluated the effect of this grout on the freezing-and-thawing resistance of GERCC produced both in the lab and during a field trial. Additionally, various grout placement techniques, grout dosages, and vibration levels were evaluated. The results show that freezing-and-thawing-resistant GERCC can be created when the grout and RCC are thoroughly combined.
November 1, 2017
Tara L. Cavalline, Reid W. Castrodale, Charles Freeman, and Jody Wall
The porous structure of manufactured structural lightweight aggregate (LWA) is responsible for differences in mechanical, durability, and thermal performance of lightweight concrete (LWC) compared to normalweight concrete (NWC). The thermal properties of LWC have not been widely studied, and publications containing values of heat capacity and thermal conductivity for LWC provide few if any details on materials, mixture proportions, and moisture states. In this study, testing was performed to determine the thermal conductivity and heat capacity of sand lightweight concrete (SLWC), alllightweight concrete (ALWC), and NWC mixtures for building and transportation applications, as well as lightweight and normalweight grout mixtures. Results of this study were evaluated then compared to published values to demonstrate the influence of this LWA on properties of the concrete and grout mixtures. Statistical models were developed to demonstrate the influence of expanded slate LWA on the thermal conductivity and heat capacity of the concrete studied.
January 1, 2017
Eyubhan Avci and Murat Mollamahmutoglu
The aim of this research was to investigate the permeability of
superfine cement-grouted sand. Initially, rheology of superfine
cement suspensions was studied. The sedimentation and the setting time increased but the viscosity decreased as the water-cement ratio (w/c) increased. In addition, the penetrability of superfine cement suspensions with different w/c into various graded sand specimens prepared at different relative densities was tested. The penetrability of suspensions into the sand specimens was successful and increased as the w/c increased, but decreased as the relative density increased. Grouted sand samples were kept in a humidity room at a temperature of 20°C (68°F) until testing time and subjected to permeability tests at different time intervals. The coefficient of permeability increased as the w/c increased, but decreased as the relative density and the percentage of fines increased. Additionally, the coefficient of permeability of grouted samples decreased slightly with time.
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