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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Showing 1-5 of 959 Abstracts search results
July 17, 2020
ACI Committees 441 – Reinforced Concrete Columns and 341A – Earthquake-Resistant Concrete Bridge Columns, Mohamed A. ElGawady
Columns are crucial structural elements in buildings and bridges. This Special Publication of the American Concrete Institute Committees 441 (Reinforced Concrete Columns) and 341A (Earthquake-Resistant Concrete Bridge Columns) presents the state-of-the-art on the structural performance of innovative bridge columns. The performance of columns incorporating high-performance materials such as ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC), engineered cementitious composite (ECC), high-strength concrete, high-strength steel, and shape memory alloys is presented in this document. These materials are used in combination with conventional or advanced construction systems, such as using grouted rebar couplers, multi-hinge, and cross spirals. Such a combination improves the resiliency of reinforced concrete columns against natural and man-made disasters such as earthquakes and blast.
Sponsors: Sponsored by ACI Committees 342, Evaluation of Concrete and 343, Concrete Bridge Design (Joint ACI-ASCE)
Editors: Benjamin Z. Dymond and Bruno Massicotte
In recent years, both researchers and practicing engineers worldwide have been refining state-of-the-art and emerging technologies for the strength evaluation and design of concrete bridges using advanced computational analysis and load testing methods. Papers discussing the implementation of the following topics were considered for inclusion in this Special Publication: advanced nonlinear modeling and nonlinear finite element analysis (NLFEA), structural versus element rating, determination of structure specific reliability indices, load testing beyond the service level, load testing to failure, and use of continuous monitoring for detecting anomalies. To exchange international experiences among a global group of researchers, ACI Committees 342 and 343 organized two sessions entitled “Advanced Analysis and Testing Methods for Concrete Bridge Evaluation and Design” at the Spring 2019 ACI Convention in Québec City, Québec, Canada. This Special Publication contains the technical papers from experts who presented their work at these sessions. The first session was focused on field and laboratory testing and the second session was focused on analytical work and nonlinear finite element modeling. The technical papers in this Special Publication are organized in the order in which they were presented at the ACI Convention.
Overall, in this Special Publication, authors from different backgrounds and geographical locations share their experiences and perspectives on the strength evaluation and design of concrete bridges using advanced computational analysis and load testing methods. Contributions were made from different regions of the world, including Canada, Italy, and the United States, and the technical papers were authored by experts at universities, government agencies, and private companies. The technical papers considered both advanced computational analysis and load testing methods for the strength evaluation and design of concrete bridges.
June 30, 2020
Royce Liu and Alessandro Palermo
Structural redundancy and robustness are necessary to protect against beyond design seismic loads. In this paper, the idea of improving these properties is applied to single column bridge piers using the hybrid PRESSS/Dissipative Controlled Rocking (DCR) system through a novel technique called hierarchical activation. This technique involves the inclusion of more “hinges” (rocking interfaces) and or sets of dissipative devices in such a way that they are activated in a hierarchy with respect to the displacement of the structure. A 2/3 scale cantilever column designed to use this technique was tested. The specimen was capable of multiple configurations, two of which are focused on in this paper: conventional DCR; and segmented DCR (segDCR), which used hierarchical activation. Hierarchical activation was successfully achieved in the experiment; and despite the global response being similar, segDCR was found to be advantageous with respect to reducing the cyclic strain demand on the dissipaters.
Arya Ebrahimpour and Barbara Earles
Accelerated Bridge Construction (ABC) technologies are being adopted by state transportation departments. One particular ABC technology is the use of precast concrete members joined with mechanical connectors. However, there are concerns about these connections in moderate-to-high seismic regions. A study was carried out for the Idaho Transportation Department (ITD) on the seismic performance of precast columns with grouted couplers versus the conventional cast-in-place columns. Experimental data provided the necessary input to model the grouted couplers. Using the OpenSees finite element analysis program, selected bridges were subjected to the seismic conditions of the most seismically active location in Idaho. Under seismic conditions considered, the stresses in both the longitudinal reinforcing bars and the grouted coupler regions are found to be well within acceptable ranges. The study resulted in recommendations on allowable column drifts, a list of approved grouted rebar couplers, and typical detail drawings for inclusion in the ITD’s Bridge Manual.
Hyun-Oh Shin, Hassan Aoude and Denis Mitchell
Ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) is an innovative material that exhibits high compressive and tensile strength as well as excellent durability. The provision of fibers in UHPC results in improved ductility and increased toughness when compared to conventional high-strength concrete. These properties make UHPC well-adapted for use in the columns of high-rise buildings and heavily-loaded bridges. This paper summarizes the results from a database of tests examining the effects of various design parameters on the axial load performance
of UHPC columns. Experimental results illustrating the effects of concrete type (UHPC vs. high-strength and ultra-high-strength concrete), UHPC compressive strength and transverse reinforcement detailing are presented. The results show that the use of UHPC in columns resulted in increased load carrying capacity and post peak ductility when compared to conventional high-strength or ultra-high-strength concrete due to the ability of steel fibers to delay cover spalling. However, greater amounts of confinement reinforcement were required to achieve
the same level of axial load performance as the UHPC compressive strength was increased from 150 to 180 MPa. The results also showed that the amount, spacing, and configuration of transverse reinforcement, as well as their interaction significantly affected the axial load response of UHPC columns. However, increasing the amount of transverse reinforcement had the most pronounced effect on post-peak behavior. The effect of the confinement provisions in current codes (CSA A23.3-14 and ACI-318-14) on the ductility of the UHPC columns was also investigated. Based on the results, an alternative confinement expression for achieving ductile behavior in UHPC columns was proposed.
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