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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Showing 1-5 of 8 Abstracts search results
September 1, 2007
L. Ferrara, Y.-D. Park, and S.P. Shah
This work presents the results of a research project aimed at assessing the correlation among fresh state behavior mechanical properties in the hardened state and fiber dispersion in steel fiber reinforced concretes. Three fiber reinforced concretes were hence designed and targeted to different levels of fresh state performance: a vibrated concrete, a self consolidating one and a third exhibiting segregation. Fiber reinforcement consisted in all cases of 50 kg/m3 hooked end steel fibers, 35 mm long and with an aspect ratio equal to 65. Square plates 600 mm wide and 60 mm thick were cast for each mix. The dispersion of fibers within the specimens was investigated through Alternate Current Impedance Spectroscopy (AC-IS). Finally, beams were cut from the plates and tested in 4-point bending. From the load-crack-opening and load-deflection response toughness and stiffness parameters were computed to assess the behavior at serviceability and ultimate limit states.
The influence of fiber dispersion and orientation in thin plates on the measured mechanical properties is discussed and a correlation is attempted with parameters, such as fiber spacing, suitably defined to represent the dispersion, detected as above.
The results clearly highlight the connections existing between fresh state behavior, fiber dispersion and mechanical properties of SFRC, pointing out their importance for a design of the material composition as well as of the casting process "tailored" to the specific structural application.
Fiber-reinforced concrete (FRC) has a post-cracking (residual) tensile strength which can provide extra stiffness to a reinforced concrete structure. This helps to reduce deflections and control cracking. Basic concepts of tension stiffening and the tensile capacity of the FRC at a crack are used to develop a rational model for both axial and flexural member stiffness. Axial member stiffness is defined by an effective concrete area and validated with experimental results. An effective moment of inertia is used to define the flexural stiffness, and the computed response of a plain reinforced concrete beam is compared with an FRC reinforced concrete beam. FRC is shown to increase member stiffness by between 10 to 50% depending on the amount and type of conventional reinforcement and post-cracking strength of the FRC used. The expressions developed for member stiffness are compatible with the ACI 318 approach of using an effective moment of inertia and can be easily incorporated into existing design procedures to ensure that deflection requirements are satisfied.
R. Gupta and N. Banthia
Effect of open- or closed-loop deflection control on the measured flexural toughness of fiber reinforced concrete (FRC) was investigated. Third-point loading tests were performed as per ASTM C1609M on several high strength concrete mixtures containing low volume fractions of single, double and triple-fiber blends. A 3-stage loading sequence was adopted for the closed-loop deflection control tests to fully capture the load vs. deflection response immediately after the peak-load.
The results indicate that the open-loop tests produce high instability in the load deflection curves after the peak-load. However, contrary to general belief, the open-loop tests also overestimated the flexural toughness compared to the closed-loop deflection control tests. Manually removing the instability from the open-loop curves helped bring the open-loop toughness values closer to the closed-loop toughness values.
J.A.O. Barros, E.N.B. Pereira, A. Ventura Gouveia, and Á.F.M. Azevedo
Steel fiber-reinforced self-compacting concrete (SFRSCC) was developed and applied on the manufacture of structural façade panels composed of a grid ribbed system covered by a layer of 30 mm thickness. Panel prototypes of this structural system were tested using loading configurations that promote the flexural and the punching failure modes in order to assess the benefits of fiber reinforcement to the flexural and shear resistance of thin SFRSCC structural systems. A smeared multi-fixed crack model, implemented into a FEM-based computer program, was used to simulate the deformational behavior of the tested panel prototypes up to their failure. The fracture parameters characterizing the SFRSCC post-cracking behavior were obtained from inverse analysis, using the data derived from three point notched beam tests. The punching failure mode was well captured by adopting a softening diagram for both out-of-plane shear components.
S.A. Altoubat, A. Yazdanbakhsh, and K.-A. Rieder
This paper is part of an on ongoing research project involving testing of small and large-scale beams to investigate shear behavior of reinforced concrete beams with synthetic macro fibers. Six full-scale tests were completed on longitudinally reinforced concrete beams without stirrups. The size of the beam was 280 mm x 460 mm x 3200 mm and tested with a shear span to depth (a/d) ratio of 3.5. Synthetic macro-fibers were added at two volume fractions of 0.5 % and 0.75 %, which is equivalent to 4.6 and 6.9 kg /m3. Strains and deflection were measured under monotonic loading of the beams and cracking was also monitored. The test results show that the synthetic macro-fibers improved the first diagonal shear cracking strength and ultimate shear capacity of the beams. Ultimate shear capacity of the reinforced concrete beams was increased by 12 to 25 % depending on the dosage of synthetic macro-fibers used. Embedded strain gauges in the concrete beams indicated the fibers effectively distributed the load, improved tensile strain capacity and thus increased the shear capacity of the concrete beams. Load-deflection measurements show that synthetic macro-fibers improve the post-diagonal cracking stiffness and toughness of the concrete beams and reduce the brittleness of the shear failure.
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