Title: Response of Prestressed Concrete Beams Subjected to Shear and Torsion
Author(s): Allan Kuan, Giorgio T. Proestos, Evan C. Bentz, and Michael P. Collins
Publication: Structural Journal
Appears on pages(s): 251-261
Keywords: design provisions; detailing; interior beams; prestressed concrete; shear; spalling; torsion
Eccentric loading or compatibility conditions can cause beams in buildings to be subjected to significant torsions. Although design procedures for torsion are based on tests of stand-alone members and require closed stirrups to be used as transverse reinforcement,
interior girders in beam-and-girder construction are usually integral with floor slabs and reinforced with open stirrups. This paper describes an experimental investigation of two post-tensioned companion specimens, designed to represent interior beams with an integral slab, which were loaded to failure under combined moment, shear, and torsion. The specimens were identical, except one was detailed using open stirrups and the other using closed stirrups. The strength of these members was significantly underpredicted by the ACI 318-19 and CSA A23.3-19 codes, which were, on average, conservative by factors of 3.50 and 2.05, respectively. The specimen detailed with open stirrups did not demonstrate a significantly different torsional response than the specimen containing closed stirrups.