Title: An Approximate Model to Predict Stress and Displacement of Cross-Tensioned Prestressed Concrete Pavement under Temperature Loading
Author(s): Chaomei Meng, Liangcai Cai, Guanhu Wang, Xingang Shi, and Jianming Ling
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 193-207
Keywords: approximate model; cross-tensioned prestressed concrete pavement (CTPCP); curling stress; friction introduced stress; prestressed stress; temperature loading
Cross-tensioned prestressed concrete pavement (CTPCP) has superior mechanical and durable performance over ordinary concrete pavement. An approximate model to predict stresses and displacement of CTPCP under temperature loading is developed. Elasticplastic model is adopted to describe the performance of sliding layer between CTPCP and subgrade. The stresses in concrete are divided into friction introduced, curling, and prestressed components. Friction introduced component is obtained with the equivalent equation of CTPCP and curling component is obtained with Westergaard solution for concrete pavement with infinite length but finite width. Furthermore, influences of parameters, including length and thickness of slab, elastic modulus of concrete, frictional coefficient, space, angle and position of prestressed strands
and reaction modulus of subgrade, on stresses and displacements are discussed. Results show that decreasing length and thickness of pavement, frictional coefficient, and elastic modulus of concrete are effective ways to reduce stress under temperature loading. Furthermore, decreasing space but increasing diameter of prestressed strands is another way to prevent too large tensile stress in CTPCP. Additionally, it seems to be more concise that the perfect plastic model is adopted to predict friction introduced stress in engineering application after comparative analysis of difference between to bilinear model and plastic model.