Title: Experimental Investigation on Flexural Behavior of Reinforced Ultra High Performance Concrete Low-Profile T-Beams
Author(s): Minghong Qiu , Xudong Shao, Kay Wille, Banfu Yan and Jiajia Wu
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Keywords: ultra high performance concrete (UHPC), flexural behavior, low-profile T-beam, ultimate load capacity, crack, fiber type, reinforcement ratio
The flexural behavioral properties of ultra high performance concrete (UHPC) low-profile T-beams reinforced with a combination of steel fibers and steel reinforcing bars were investigated in this paper. Five large scale T-beams were tested and analyzed regarding their deflection, ductility, strain, curvature, load capacity and crack development. The experimental variables include the reinforcement ratio, the slenderness (length to diameter ratio) of the fiber rein-forcements, and the fiber type. The experiments showed that all specimens exhibit flexural failure with the yielding of steel bars and excessive expansion of flexural crack, and the compression zone in the reinforced UHPC low-profile T-beam is not crushed because of the ultra high compressive strength and area of UHPC. In addition, it was con-cluded that using hooked-end fibers can effectively increase the specimen’s durability-based cracking load in com-parison to straight fibers of same slenderness, whereas the reinforcement ratio and the slenderness of the fibers have little influence on this. Increasing the reinforcement ratio and using hooked-end instead of straight fibers increase the load capacity and bending stiffness of the specimen, as well as reduces the crack width at comparable applied load. A model was established to compute the ultimate capacity of UHPC low-profile T-beams and the prediction agrees well with the experimental results in the present and published investigations.