Title: Seismic Experiments and Analysis of Repaired Bridge Columns Using CFRP Donut
Author(s): Ruo-Yang Wu and Chris P. Pantelides
Publication: Symposium Paper
Appears on pages(s): 80-95
Keywords: analytical model; bond slip; damage; experiments, fiber reinforced polymer composites; low-cycle fatigue; plastic hinge relocation; repair; seismic
Two severely damaged concrete column-to-cap beam specimens were successfully repaired, using a carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) cylindrical shell, non-shrink repair concrete, and headed steel bars. The first cast-in-place specimen experienced concrete crushing and longitudinal bars fracture/buckling; for the second precast specimen, the column was completely separated from the cap beam. In this paper, two analytical models, Model Fiber and Model Rotational Spring (RS), simulating the seismic performance of the repaired specimens are proposed. In Model Fiber, plasticity considering bond-slip effects was distributed over the defined plastic hinge
length of the nonlinear beam-column element. In Model RS, a non-linear rotational spring was used to consider the concentrated plasticity located at the repaired cross-section. Low-cycle fatigue of the damaged column longitudinal steel bars was included in the analytical models. Simulations show that the analytical results, in terms of hysteretic response and moment-rotation, are in very good agreement with the experimental results. Model fiber performed better for predicting the pinching effect in the hysteretic response of the repaired cast-in-place specimen; Model RS performed better for matching the hysteresis curves of the repaired precast concrete
specimen. In addition, Model Fiber was able to predict the local response of the columns including the fracture of longitudinal bars due to low-cycle fatigue.