A Numerical Analysis Methodology for the Strengthening of Deep Cap Beams

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Title: A Numerical Analysis Methodology for the Strengthening of Deep Cap Beams

Author(s): Rafael A. Salgado, Serhan Guner

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 333

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 1-18

Keywords: deep beams; nonlinear analysis; cap beam; structural assessment; FRP; retrofit; analysis methodology

Date: 10/1/2019

Abstract:
A significant number of in-service bridges have been subjected to loads above their original design capacities due to the increase in traffic and transported freight in the past decades. Externally bonded fiber-reinforced polymers (FRP) is a non-destructive retrofit technique that has become common for the strengthening of overloaded cap beams of bridges. However, there is a lack of analysis methods for the retrofitted cap beams that can accurately predict the retrofitted structural response while accounting for the critical material behaviors such as bond-slip relationships, confinement effects, and redistribution of stresses. In this study, an analysis methodology using nonlinear finite element models is proposed for cap beams retrofitted with externally bonded FRP fabrics. A two-stage verification of the proposed methodology was employed: a constitutive modeling and critical behavior of materials verification using experimental results available in the literature; and a system-level load capacity determination using a large, in-situ structure. The proposed methodology was able to capture the FRP-concrete composite structural behavior and the experimentally observed failure modes. The FRP retrofit layout created using the results of this study increased the capacity of the initially overloaded cap beam in 27%, granting it a 6% extra capacity under its ultimate loading condition.




  

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