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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development and distribution of consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Synergistic Potential of Fly Ash in Concrete Featuring Portland-Limestone Cement
Author(s): Jay Shannon, Isaac L. Howard, V. Tim Cost, and Will Crawley
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 295-306
Keywords: fly ash; limestone; portland-limestone cement; slag cement; supplementary cementitious materials; sustainability
Abstract:Portland-limestone cement (PLC) has recently been found useful in improving concrete’s synergy with some supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs), relative to ordinary portland cement (OPC), and in reducing early-age performance impacts of higher levels of cement replacement with SCMs. Use of PLC extends sustainability benefits by reducing concrete’s carbon footprint via reduced clinker content. This study explores how the performance of concrete using higher cement replacement with SCMs may be improved through use of PLCs in place of traditional OPCs in support of improved sustainability. PLCs were found to be able to enhance strength and setting in mixtures with higher levels of SCM replacement of cement, especially in certain combinations, while maintaining or improving later-age strengths. Results were notably productive in balancing mixture early performance, late-age strengths, and economics, with performance generally improved using PLCs relative to OPCs.
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