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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development and distribution of consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Structural Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Frames Subjected to Progressive Collapse
Author(s): Jun Yu and Kang Hai Tan
Publication: Structural Journal
Appears on pages(s): 63-74
Keywords: alternate load path; beam-column connections; catenary action; compressive arch action; progressive collapse; reinforced concrete; rotation capacity
Abstract:This paper presents an experimental program on structural behavior of four reinforced concrete frames under column removal scenarios, simulating progressive collapse. The specimens were designed with conventional non-seismic and seismic detailing in terms of stirrup arrangement and different boundary conditions. Each specimen, consisting of a two-bay beam, a middle joint, and two side columns, was quasi-statically tested by increasing the beam deflection until the complete failure. The load-deflection relationships show the sequential mobilization of compressive arch action and catenary action in the beams. Test results indicate that beam-column connections are the most critical components in developing catenary action, and confirmed the concern in current engineering practice that the longitudinal reinforcement in beams may fail to function as effective ties due to fracture of bars under large rotations. The bar fracture was ascribed to local rotations at the connections heavily dependent on the development of fixed-end rotation.
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