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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Domestic Sewage as Mixing Water in Concrete
Author(s): 0. Z. Cebeci and A. M. Saatci
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 503-506
Keywords: air entrainment; concretes; distilled water; impurities; mortars (ma-terial);
setting (hardening); sewage treatment; specifications; strength; wastes;
waste treatment; water.
Abstract:Reviews of the characteristics of domestic sewage and refinement in its composition upon biological treatment imply its suitability for use in concrete technology. A typical domestic sewage was characterized and used in this study as mixing water. Setting time, air content, specific gravity, and strength tests were performed on cement paste, mortar, and concrete specimens. The results, when compared with the results of reference specimens made with distilled water, showed that untreated domestic sewage increases the initial setting time, entrains air, and reduces the strength of mortar and concrete, and therefore is not recommended for use in concrete technology. However, average biologically treated domestic wastewater is indistinguishable from distilled water when used as mixing water.
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