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Title: Durability of Repairs under Freezing and Thawing and Alkali-Aggregate Reaction

Author(s): Keikhosrow Tahmureszadeh, Medhat H. Shehata, and Bill Gong

Publication: Materials Journal

Volume: 119

Issue: 3

Appears on pages(s): 197-208

Keywords: alkali-aggregate reaction; bond strength; concrete repairs; deicing salt; dimensional compatibility; durability; effect of surface roughness; freezing and thawing; shrinkage

Date: 5/1/2022

Abstract:
The durability of three repair materials was investigated under two exposures: freezing-and-thawing cycles in the presence of deicing salts, and substrate undergoing expansion due to alkali-aggregate reaction (AAR). The bond strength of the repairs under freezing-and-thawing exposure was evaluated using slant shear, splitting tensile, and pulloff tests. Additionally, the pulloff test was implemented to investigate the bond strength of repairs undergoing expansion due to AAR. Under freezing and thawing, the substrate surface roughness was evaluated and resulted in a higher bond strength under combined shear and compression forces (slant shear test). The results for both exposures showed that the efficacy of a repair could not only be explained based on the net unrestrained length change between the repair and the substrate. While significant autogenous shrinkage of ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) can increase the net unrestrained length change, the strength, fibers, and high paste content of such material enhance the bond strength.


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