Behavior of Epoxy Bonded Bars in Concrete Affected by Alkali-Silica Reaction

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Title: Behavior of Epoxy Bonded Bars in Concrete Affected by Alkali-Silica Reaction

Author(s): Félix-Antoine Villemure, Mathieu Fiset, Josée Bastien, Denis Mitchell, and Benoit Fournier

Publication: Materials Journal

Volume: 116

Issue: 6

Appears on pages(s): 179-191

Keywords: alkali-silica reaction (ASR); bond; post-installed reinforcing bar; pullout test

Date: 11/1/2019

Abstract:
Installation of drilled-in epoxy-bonded reinforcing bars is generally an effective strengthening method to increase the flexural and shear capacities of deficient concrete structures. However, most of the available studies characterizing the bond behavior of epoxy bonded bars in concrete have been carried out on sound concrete elements—that is, without any pathological material damage. This raises the question of bond capacities in existing damaged elements. This study investigates the influence of alkali-silica reaction (ASR) on the capacity of post-installed reinforcing bars. ASR is a deleterious mechanism that causes expansion and cracking in the affected concrete elements. Pullout tests on post-installed reinforcing bars having embedded lengths of 2db, 4db, and 5db with 15M reinforcing bars (db = 15.9 mm [0.626 in.]) have demonstrated a drop-in bond strength when concrete is affected by ASR. In addition, the study revealed that the progression of concrete expansion due to ASR may lead to some confinement of the post-installed reinforcing bar and possibly increases the bond strength.