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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development and distribution of consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Effects of Fly Ash on Early-Age Properties and Cracking of Concrete
Author(s): Inamullah Khan, Arnaud Castel, and Raymond Ian Gilbert
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 673-681
Keywords: cracking age; fly ash; shrinkage; tensile creep
Abstract:This paper focuses on the effects of fly ash on early-age mechanical and viscoelastic properties of concrete and on early-age cracking. Fly ash is a supplementary cementitious material that is mainly used to increase the durability of concrete. The effect on shrinkage-induced cracking of replacing some ordinary portland cement (OPC) with fly ash has not been studied previously. Material properties such as compressive strength, indirect tensile strength, and elastic modulus were measured with different percentage replacements of OPC with fly ash. Tensile creep and drying shrinkage were also measured on two types of specimens by using two different experimental techniques. The cracking age of plain concrete was observed by using a restrained ring test. Results revealed that the strength evolution of fly-ash-blended concrete is lower than the corresponding OPC concrete and the age at which restrained shrinkage cracking first occurs is also reduced. Slightly higher tensile creep coefficients were observed for fly-ash-blended concrete compared to OPC concrete, but drying shrinkage was not altered to any great extent.
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