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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development and distribution of consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Size Effect on Punching Strength of Reinforced Concrete Slabs with and without Shear Reinforcement
Author(s): Abdullah Dönmez and Zdenek P. Bažant
Publication: Structural Journal
Appears on pages(s): 875-886
Keywords: design codes; failure; finite element analysis; optimum data fitting; punching shear; quasibrittle fracture; reinforced concrete; size effect; statistical analysis
Abstract:A design equation for punching shear strength vc is developed based on a refined statistical analysis of the ACI 445 database with 440 tests supplemented by finite element (FE) analysis using microplane model M7. Database filtering leads to data subsets in which the averages of secondary variables, such as steel ratio and shape parameters, in subsequent intervals of size d (or slab depth) are almost constant. The resulting trend of the interval means of vc reveals that the slope of log vc versus log d through the practical size range is milder, but not much milder, than –1/2, and that the trend fits the energetic size effect factor endorsed by ACI Committee 446. The design equation with size effect is verified and calibrated by least-square multivariate regression of the database, with weights compensating for the crowding or scarcity of data in parts of the range. The size effect factor is also verified by FE fitting of available broader-range data series.
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