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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development and distribution of consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Chemicoelectrical Response of Concrete Bonded with Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Sheets in a Corrosive Environment
Author(s): Yail J. Kim and Ibrahim Bumadian
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 549-558
Keywords: carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP); characterization, chemicoelectic response; chlorides; diffusivity
Abstract:This paper presents an experimental study characterizing the
chemicoelectric response of concrete bonded with carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) sheets in a corrosive environment. A rapid chloride permeability test is conducted with concrete specimens having variable CFRP coverage ratios from 0% (uncovered) to 100% (fully covered) according to ASTM C1202. Test results substantiate that CFRP sheets are an effective medium impeding the ingress of chlorides into CFRP-strengthened concrete structures, thereby alleviating the likelihood of corrosion damage. CFRP-bonding causes a decrease in electric current and chloride diffusivity. Microscopic images showing residual sodium chloride crystals accumulated on the surface of the tested specimens corroborate the decreasing rate of the electric current. The resistivity of the concrete and the transport rate of chlorides are controlled by the CFRP coverage ratio influencing an electrolytic process. Due to the distribution of electric charges, the conduction of the CFRP-bonded concrete alters from non-steady state to steady state with time due to the distribution of electric charges. An analytical expression is proposed for modeling chloride diffusion in the vicinity of CFRP-bonded regions.
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