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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development and distribution of consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Hydrogen Embrittlement Testing of Concrete Screws
Author(s): Anthony J. Lamanna
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 15-19
Keywords: anchors; concrete screws; durability; hydrogen embrittlement; induced cracking
Abstract:Concrete screw anchors can be susceptible to stress-induced hydrogen embrittlement cracking because they are case hardened and often coated. Hydrogen attack can result in decreased tensile ductility and decreased fracture stress at the root, which is where the threads meet the core. Currently, Acceptance Criteria 193 (AC 193) requires that two types of tests are conducted to qualify screw fasteners for stress-induced hydrogen embrittlement cracking under service conditions: 1) Method A, which is a test subjecting a concrete screw installed in concrete to a sustained tensile load while in an aggressive environment; and 2) Method B, which is a bending test on the threaded portion of the fastener while in an aggressive environment. This study examines Method A and Method B qualification test data obtained from three manufacturers for five different diameters and 11 different lengths. The comparison of the test results for the two methods shows that Method B is a redundant test, resulting in no additional safety or information beyond that gained from Method A.
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