This breakthrough technology
enables the production of cement-free
concrete, where cement is totally
replaced with steel furnace slag.
Concrete made in this way has the same
or better mechanical and durability
properties than cement-based concrete,
50 JANUARY 2020 | Ci | www.concreteinternational.com
so widespread adoption of the technology
would play an important role in reducing
direct and indirect greenhouse gas
emissions without compromising
concrete performance. The financial,
technical, and environmental benefits of
the Carbicrete process are clear. The call
to action to builders, developers,
architects, and policymakers is: Let’s
disrupt the status quo.
1. Wang, J.; Dai, Y; and Gao, L., “Exergy
Analyses and Parametric Optimizations for
Different Cogeneration Power Plants in Cement
Industry,” Applied Energy, V. 86, No. 6, June
2009, pp. 941-948.
2. Müller, N., and Harnisch, J., “How to
Turn Around the Trend of Cement Related
Emissions in the Developing World,” A report
prepared for WWF—Lafarge Conservation
Partnership, WWF International, Gland,
Switzerland, 1998, 94 pp.
3. Madlool, N.A.; Saidur, R.; Hossain,
M.S.; and Rahim, N.A., “A Critical Review
on Energy Use and Savings in the Cement
Industries,” Renewable and Suitability Energy
Reviews, V. 15, No. 4, May 2011, pp. 2042-2060.
4. “Mineral Profile: Cement Raw Materials,”
British Geological Survey, Nov. 2005, 20 pp.
5. Georgescu, M.; Tipan, J.; Badanoiu, A;
Crisan, D.; and Dragan, I., “Highly Reactive
Dicalcium Silicate Synthesised by Hydrothermal
Processing,” Cement and Concrete Composites,
V. 22, No. 5, Oct. 2000, pp. 315-319.
6. Popescu, C.D.; Muntean, M.; and
Sharp, J.H., “Industrial Trial Production of Low
Energy Belite Cement,” Cement and Concrete
Composites, V. 25, No. 7, Oct. 2003, pp. 689-693.
7. Mahoutian, M.; Shao, Y.; Mucci, A.;
and Fournier, B., “Carbonation and Hydration
Behavior of EAF and BOF Steel Slag Binders,”
Materials and Structures, V. 48, No. 9, Sept.
2015, pp. 3075-3085.
8. Pasetto, M., and Baldo, N., “Performance
Comparative Analysis of Stone Mastic
Asphalts with Electric Arc Furnace Steel Slag:
A Laboratory Evaluation,” Materials and
Structures, V. 45, No. 3, Mar. 2012, pp. 411-424.
9. Huang, Y.; Bird, R.N.; and Heidrich, O.,
From a single title, to a custom selection, to ACI’s full
collection, the American Concrete Institute partners with
leading distributors to provide access to the Institute’s
published content for multiple locations and/or multiple users.
MULTIPLE USERS | MULTIPLE LOCATIONS
BUNDLE WITH OTHER PUBLISHERS