Title: Cold Weather Concreting Strategies
Author(s): Ronald L. Kozikowski, W. Calvin McCall, and Bruce A. Suprenant
Publication: Concrete International
Appears on pages(s): 45-49
Keywords: cost, freezing, strength, temperature
Cold weather concreting strategies must protect concrete from freezing and promote strength gain. Yet, selected strategies should also minimize a construction project’s embodied energy and cost. This article reviews current cold weather concreting recommendations and practices as well as their effects on cost and quality. Potential concreting strategies, based on recent research, basic principles, and concrete contractor experiences, are presented
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